WYLER, WILLIAM (1902–1981), U.S. film director and producer. Born in Mulhouse, Alsace, Wyler emigrated to the United States in 1920 with his uncle, carl laemmle , head of Universal Pictures. In 1925 he directed the first of 50 two-reel Westerns, starting his long series of major works, first with Universal and then in association with other studios. An early success was the film version of elmer rice 's play Counsellor-at-Law (1933), as well as the adaptation of Sinclair Lewis' Dodsworth (Oscar nomination for Best Director, 1936). He broke new ground with These Three (1936), the successful adaptation of Lillian Hellman's The Children's Hour, a play with a lesbian theme. Four more milestones in his directorial career were Jezebel (produced, 1938); Wuthering Heights (Oscar nomination for Best Director, 1939); The Letter (Oscar nomination for Best Director, 1940); and The Little Foxes (Oscar nomination for Best Director, 1941). During World War II he served as an officer with the U.S. Air Force, where he made the documentary The Memphis Belle and the Navy film The Fighting Lady, which won an Oscar for Best Documentary. After the war, Wyler directed such distinguished films as The Heiress (produced; Oscar nomination for Best Picture and Director, 1949); Detective Story (produced; Oscar nomination for Best Director, 1951); Roman Holiday (produced; Oscar nomination for Best Picture and Director, 1953); The Desperate Hours (produced, 1955); Friendly Persuasion (produced; Oscar nomination for Best Picture and Director, 1956); The Big Country (produced, 1958); The Collector (Oscar nomination for Best Director, 1965); How to Steal a Million (1966); Funny Girl (1968); and his final film, The Liberation of L.B. Jones (1970). Wyler was among Hollywood's foremost filmmakers and was the recipient of many honors, including three Academy Awards, for directing Mrs. Miniver (1942), The Best Years of Our Lives (1946), and Ben-Hur (1959). In 1966 he received the Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award, for the consistently high quality of his motion picture production. In 1976 he received the American Film Institute's Lifetime Achievement Award. -ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: R. Freiman, The Story of the Making of Ben-Hur (1959); A. Madsen, William Wyler, The Authorized Biography (1973); M. Andregg, William Wyler (1979); B. Bowman, Master Space: Film Images of Capra, Lubitsch, Sternberg, and Wyler (1992); J. Herman, A Talent for Trouble: The Life of Hollywood's Most Acclaimed Director, William Wyler (1995). (G. Eric Hauck / Ruth Beloff (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Wyler, William — (1902 1981)    Born Willi Weiller to Jewish parents in Mulhausen, Alsace (then part of Germany), William Wyler immigrated to the United States in 1920 to take a job in the New York office of the Universal Film Company. In 1922, he moved to work… …   Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era

  • Wyler, William — • УА ЙЛЕР (Wyler) Уильям (1.7.1902 28.7.1981)    амер. режиссёр. Род. в Эльзасе. Учился в Высш. коммерч. школе в Лозанне, затем в Парижской консерватории. С 1920 в Голливуде. В 1925 дебютировал постановкой вестерна Плут Бастер . Сняв более 20 к/м …   Кино: Энциклопедический словарь

  • Wyler, William — born July 1, 1902, Mulhouse, France died July 27, 1981, Beverly Hills, Calif., U.S. French born U.S. film director. After studies in France and Switzerland, he immigrated to New York in 1920. Working for Universal Pictures, he became a director… …   Universalium

  • Wyler,William — Wy·ler (wīʹlər), William. 1902 1981. American filmmaker who directed such film classics as Jezebel (1938), Wuthering Heights (1939), and Ben Hur (1959). * * * …   Universalium

  • Wyler, William —    см. Уайлер, Уильям …   Режиссерская энциклопедия. Кино США

  • Wyler, William — ► (1902 81) Director cinematográfico estadounidense. Destacó como adaptador de obras literarias (Jezabel, 1938; Cumbres borrascosas, 1939, etc.), para seguir luego una línea mucho más personal. Galardonado con tres Oscar (1942, 1946 y 1959) por… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Wyler — Wyler, William …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • WYLER (W.) — WYLER WILLIAM (1902 1981) En 1948 on venait de découvrir, en France, les films tournés à Hollywood depuis 1940 par William Wyler , André Bazin écrivit pour les numéros 10 et 11 de La Revue du cinéma de Jean George Auriol, une étude restée… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Wyler — may refer to:People* Gretchen Wyler * Mason Wyler * Robert Wyler * William WylerGeography* Wyler, North Rhine Westphalia A village in the district Cleves, North Rhine Westphalia, Germany * Wyler, Netherlands The Dutch part of above village, in… …   Wikipedia

  • William S. Maugham — William Somerset Maugham 1934 Fotograf: Carl van Vechten William Somerset Maugham [ˈsʌməsɪt mɔːm] (* 25. Januar 1874 in Paris; † 16. Dezember 1965 in Saint Jean Cap Ferrat bei Nizza) war ein …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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